Sonntag, August 28, 2005

TUNISIA / A PART OF THE MAGHREB


The Maghreb (المغرب العربي al-Maġrib al-ʿArabī; sometimes also rendered Moghreb), meaning "western" in Arabic, is the region of the continent of Africa north of the Sahara desert and west of the Nile - specifically, the modern countries of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya- and to a much lesser extent Mauritania. Its mixed Arab-Berber inhabitants were traditionally called Moors by Europeans.

From the end of the Ice Age, when the Sahara Desert dried up, contact between the Maghreb and sub-Saharan Africa was extremely limited by the difficulty in crossing the desert. This remained the case until after the time of the Arab expansion and the spread of Islam; even then, trade was restricted to costly (but often profitable) caravan expeditions, trading such goods as salt, gold, ivory, and slaves...

4 Comments:

Blogger Pat said...

Didn't the Moors rule Spain until the Hapsburgs and the Pope kicked them out?

3:07 nachm.  
Blogger castor said...

The moors ruled in Spain since 719. That was a great time regarding to science and art. Under the Moorish domination in Spain there was a wonderful collaboration among Muslims, Jews and Christians.
The Moors had a tremendously positive impact on European cultural, socio-economic and political institutions.The Moorish civilization enlightened Europe and brought it out of the dark ages to usher in the Renaissance period. The roots of European culture can be traced back to the Moors whose civilization was not only artistic, scientific and commercial, but also incredibly tolerant of other races and cultures.

The Moorish rule in Spain finished under Isabella I of Castile,"the avaricious" and her cousin and husband Ferdinand II of Aragon.
In 1492 Boabdil, the last Moorish King of Granada, surrenders his city to the army of Ferdinand and Isabella after a lengthy siege.At that time Columbus sailed to the Americas and Isabella and Ferdinand issued the Edict of Expulsion, forcing all Muslims and Jews in Spain to either convert or emigrate. Finally in 1502 all Muslims and Jews have been forcibly expelled from Spain.
The awful time of the Spanish Inquisition began...

http://www.bibletopics.com/biblestudy/64.htm



http://www.scienceandyou.org/articles/ess_06.shtml

7:03 nachm.  
Blogger Pat said...

I had no idea they were there for so long! I think Ferdinand was Hapsburg..no Charles 1 was at 1516.

http://www.ac.wwu.edu/~stephan/Rulers/chron.spain.html

Why were the Moors so fair and yet the rulers of Saudi, Iran and so many other Muslim countries so xenophobic?

3:33 nachm.  
Blogger castor said...

to Pat:
-------
Catchwords are:

World War 1 / The destruction of the Osmanic Imperium / The British Imperialism / Oil in the Persian Gulf Region/ Mohammed Mossadegh and so on ...

Here some links (for reading during the winter evenings :-) !!! )

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Osmanic+Empire

http://www.hermes-press.com/impintro1.htm

Love and Peace,
Castor

7:15 nachm.  

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